Mohenjo-Daro, The mound of the dead? - Quoratv

Mohenjo-Daro, The mound of the dead? - Quoratv

Mohenjo-Daro, a 5,000-year-old Indus Valley civilization, was discovered near Larkana in the Mehran Valley. Minimalist from an ancient civilization, this masterpiece has amazed researchers, historians, and archaeologists around the world for over a third of a century. A cursory glance at the history of Moenjo-Daro was discovered in 1922 by the British archaeologist Sir John Marshall.

Five thousand-year-old artifacts are still a surprise to researchers today

Mohenjo-Daro is a Sindhi word which means "mound of the dead" in Urdu. The streets of this city were open and straight while the drainage was properly arranged.

According to researchers, the city was razed and rebuilt seven times, the main reason being the flooding of the Indus River. However, there are different opinions about when it turned into ruins.

Some attribute the destruction of this beautiful city to the arrival of the Aryan nation from Central Asia, while some attribute it to natural disasters. After reading the old books, it is known that in ancient times the river Moin used to pass near Daro. 

The real city was an island between the Indus River and the West Bank. The reasons came together and the islands became like a bunch.

Now there are only mounds that are spread over an area of ​​about two and a half hundred acres. Some mounds are 20 and some are 30 feet high. So far, about thirteen acres of Mohenjo-Daro have been excavated, during which time seven layers of cities have been found on top of each other. 

According to archaeologists, when the city was flooded during the flood season, the locals built another city on top of the city. Excavations at Mohenjo-Daro have also uncovered valuable artifacts and items, which are mentioned below.

Clothes

Living in Mohenjo-Daro, the men's clothing was dhoti and chador. He used to wear the chador under his right arm and put it on his left shoulder. Looking at some of the statues recovered from its ruins, it seems as if the men are wearing a khaghari instead of a dhoti, as is the case today with the shahnai (drummers). Some of the statues are completely naked and some are seen wearing diapers.

Jewelry

Mohenjo-Daro, The mound of the dead? - Quoratv

In the Mohenjo-Daro era, men and women usually wore jewelry. Women wore beaded necklaces, silver or gold bangles, and anklets. In some of the statues, women are shown wearing bangles from the elbow to the shoulder, which shows that the custom of wearing bangles was common even in this period. Therefore, it can be said that there were goldsmiths in those days.

Precious stones

Jewelry found in the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro shows that the people of ancient Sindh used agate or sapphire (agate), sapphires, and other types of precious stones as inlays in necklace beads.

Farming, other skills

Not much is known about farming and agriculture in the ancient civilization of the Mehran Valley, but wheat and barley grains are found in Mohenjo-Daro. Although not a single grain of soles was found there, it seems that there used to be a crop of soles. Because it is known from Veda that in ancient times Punjab and Sindh had very good sesame and barley crops. 

The mills used to grind grain at that time are very different from today. In the past, the patterns of these mills were also different. The mills that Mohan has found in large numbers in Daro.

Food

Research shows that the people of Mohenjo-Daro ate a lot of wheat and barley as well as dates. Palm kernels have been found during excavations. At that time people ate fish and even big meat. Not only were they keen on river fish but they also used turtles as food.

The art of spinning and weaving

Many wheels and the iron pegs used in them have been found, some of them simple and some of them expensive. It seems that spinning was common in the homes of the rich and the poor. 

A bag full of silverware, jewels, and beads was found wrapped in a very delicate cloth. Indigenous cotton is used in it. This shows that five thousand years ago cotton was harvested in Sindh and at that time Sindhis also had loomed for making cloth.

Metal

Like the Stone Age people, the inhabitants of Mohenjo-Daro also used stone tools and utensils, but they also knew about copper, from which they made utensils, tools, and even ornaments, and not a speck of iron came in handy. 

But this was a time when people did not have the wisdom to work for Lucy. The fort was not found separately. But it has only been used with copper. It was also used to make tools and utensils.

Weapons

A few stones and copper maces, a few spears, daggers, arrows, and bows have been found from Mohenjo-Daro. The custom of making swords is much later, so the sword was not found there. That is why it seems that there was no war in the country and people living in peace.

Weight and scale

There are many types of weights and measures. They are often fragile and small. Some large conical stones have been found with holes at the top. Rope can be passed through these holes. These stones were used as weights for weighing. Some of the smaller ones are like the shape of a slate, the shape of money. Which resembles M and Mesopotamian bats.

Seals

Hundreds of different specimens and sizes of seals have also been found in Mohenjo-Daro. In ancient times, it was customary for people to seal the doors from the outside whenever they went out. Each seal had the image of a deity on it. It was as if the deity was guarding the house and no one was touching their property. This was probably the custom of the people of Mohenjo-Daro.

The art of writing

Apart from the animal figures on the seals found in the Mohenjo-Daro, there are also a few lines engraved in the known language but in the form of pictures of the letters. Instead of the first letters, they used to make shapes of animals, etc.

Those shapes later changed their form to become existing letters. Somewhere between the letters in the seals, there are deity-style Arabs (under, over and over), etc., which suggests that there was a good development of the art of writing here. Such seals have also been discovered by Mesopotamia, which dates back 3,000 years. After seeing it, Sir John Marshall speculates that the Mohenjo-Daro civilization is much older.

Games and toys

Tablets, chess, and sixes made of onyx and other stones have been found in Mohenjo-Daro. They are not as tall as today's sixes but are cubic in shape. This shows that these games were a source of entertainment for the people. People at that time were also very concerned about the entertainment of their children. Similar toys have been discovered there.

People, in the form of oxen and horses, pull an ox by the tail and shake its neck. An elephant-shaped, earthenware cart with wheels has been found. Such vehicles were introduced to Mesopotamia in 3200 BC. Therefore, it can be said that this is the oldest model of vehicles.

Apart from the above items, valuable artifacts have been found during the excavation of Mohenjo-Daro. There is no doubt that Mohenjo-Daro is a masterpiece of ancient civilization, which is still under investigation. 

Observing what is being found and new revelations are coming out, in this regard, it would not be out of place to say that Mohan Jo Daro is no less than a surprise. 

There is a need for the government to take effective measures to preserve these relics of Mohenjo-Daro so that the relics of this ancient civilization can be preserved.


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